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-| Indian Religion | -

Hindu Temple, India Travel Holiday VacationsIndia can be called as the Land of Faith & Religion. One can witness the practice of almost all the religions prevalent in the present world - Hinduism, Islam, Sikhism, Christianities, Buddhism, Jainism, Zorastrianism. The majority of Indians are Hindus and Muslims are the next most prominent regious group which forms an integral part of Indian Society. In India, mosques are as common as temples. The Christianity is present in the country since the begining of First Century.

The Jains & Buddhists are only a fraction of the population but their impact can still be felt in their magnificent temples and archaeological sites. Originated in reaction to the caste laws and ritual obligations of Hinduism, The Sikhs are the most recent community in India. The most unusal thing about Indian religions is that one of the last generation of Zorashtrians are thriving here.


Hinduism is the most prominent religion of India. Almost 85 % of the entire population is Hindu. There is not a single trace or specific founder of this religion. The word 'Hindu' is derived from the persian word for Indians. The very logic behind the beliefs and practices of this dharma is to live in harmony with the natural order while achieving the personal goals and meeting the requirements of the society. As other faiths like Islam, Christianity and Sikhism, Hinduism does not depend on any one specific founder or a single holy book. The hindus have a whole range of holy scriptures such as Vedas, Upanishads, Puranas, Bhagwat Gita any many more.

The major source of inspiration on how to live a balanced life as per Hinduism are epics like Ramayana and Mahabharata. The region itself takes in millions of Gods and Goddesses, beliefs and practices and widely varied cults and philosophies.

Despite being one of the most ancient religions, Hinduism can easily be stated as have most elastic structure, which allows great flexibility and is much more tolerant than any other religion of the world. Some of the most popular deities worshipped in the country are Brahma, Vishnu , Shiva (The Trinity), Ganesha, Krishna, Rama, Hanuman, Durga, Lakshmi, Saraswati, Kali and more.

Jama Masjid, India Travel Holiday PackagesMuslims are the biggest minority of India. The religion is completely dissimilar to Hinduism which gained influence in 7th Century with the invasion of Arab traders. In Islam, they believe in only one God "Allah" and condem idol worship. Islam was founded by historical person Prophet Mohammed and their holy book 'Koran' is the only guideline for the believers of this religion. Although Indian society is dominated by Hinduism, but a lookdown to the history reveals that even muslims are very much a part of India, whether it is art, craft, poetry, music or dances of India. Some of the great spiritual leaders of India such as Amir Khusro, Guru Nanak, Kabir, Nizamuddin Aulia, Sheikh Salim Bin Chishti have proved that these two very basic religions of India - Hinduism & Islam can coexist.

Sikhism is the India's youngest religion which started about 530 years back. The word 'Sikh' is derived from the Sanskrit word for disciple. Guru Nanak, the founder of this religion, was born into an Orthodox Hindu Kshatriya Family in a village called Talwandi in undivided Punjab (now in Pakistan). Guru Nanak was more of a social reformer who stressed that enlightenment could be achieved through devotion to God. The main message behind his preaching was to shun the casteism, and The God is 'Sat' (Truth). Apart from Guru Nanak, this sect has nine more Gurus or Spiritual leaders namely, Angad, Ramdas, Arjun Dev, Hari-rai, Harkishan, Tegh Bahadur,Golden Temple, India Travel Holiday Packages Govind Singh. It was the 5th Guru Arjun Dev, who built the Golden Temple at Amritsar, one of the most famous Sikh Shrines of the world.

He also compiled the Guru hymnes in the book called 'Adi Granth'. Guru Arjun was also the first sikh leader to be executed by Mughals. The 10th and last leader Guru Givind Singh was largely responsible for giving the sikh community its identity as this community exists today. In 1699 A.D., he founded Khalsa brotherhood, in which several disciplines have to be observed namely, renounce tobacco, halaal meet and sexual relations with muslims and also to adopt five 'K's that are - Kesh (Hairs), Kripaan (Sword), Kachchha (shorts), Kangha (Comb) and Kada (wristlet).

Since this religious sect evolved some 2500 years back, Bddhism dominated Indian subcontinent for several centuries thereon. The religion reached its zenith during 5th century till the time it was eclipsed by the muslim invasion. The founder of Buddhism is Siddhartha Gautam known as "Buddha - the enlightned one". The birth of Gautam is around 566 BC. Brought up in luxury as a prince, he renounced his family life when he was 30. Dissatisfied with the explanations of sufferings of human beings, Siddhartha spent years of his life to find out the real truth of life. After much wandering and meditation, his enlightenment came under a Pipal tree in Gaya, Bihar. Since he attaind enlightenment OR "Bodhgyan" Sanchi Stupa, India Travel Travelsthere, the tree became famous as 'Bodhivriksha' and Gaya became famous as 'Bodhgaya'.

The ultimate aim of Buddhism is the clarity of mind, pure understanding and supreme bliss that Buddha called as Nirvana. The most important concept outlined by Buddha was no permanent ego thereby total detatchment and release from the confines of wordly emotions and lusts. Buddha's view of life incorporated the Hindu concept of Sansara and Karma, while he disregarded the casteism, priestly dominence and rituals. In the present world, Buddhism can be witnessed and studied incorporated with the rituals and traditions of the respective areas where this sect is followed.

Jainism is one of the most ancient religions of India. This sect has been propagated by a number of Gurus OR 'Tirthankars'. There are no proofs available regarding the exact birth of first Tirthankar Adinath Rishabh Dev. The last and famous Tirthankar was Mahavir. This sect has had tremendous influence for the last 2500 years, though the Jain population is less than 1% of the entire Indian population.

The Jain community is well placed the social hierarchy as most of them are weathy merchants and traders. Jainism is focussed on the practice of "Ahinsa" (Non- violence) and they follow rigorous discipline to avoid doing slighest harm to any living being Jain Temple, India Travel Vacations(Jeeva). Jainism flourished throughout the India during the regime of King Chandragupta Maurya in 3rd Century BC. There are two different monastic practices in this sect - Digambara ( Skyclad, which believe that nudity is essential for worldy renounciations) and Shwetambara (White clad, which disregards the extreme nudity and incorporated nuns in their monastic community. They also acknowledged the fact of female Tirthankars). It is believed that the souls are obscured by the Karmas and by following these disciplines one can purify one's soul and attain Mokhsha (release of soul from the cycle of birth and rebirth).

A handful of Zorashtrians form a very tiny fraction of the Indian social framework, who have no distictive dress code and there are very few places of worship. The religion was founded by Zorashter (Zarathrushta) who lived in Persia sometimes between 1700 and 1400 BC.

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